Efficiency

Researchers develop a crystal capping layer to enable the formation of black-phase FAPbI3 perovskites in humid air

Researchers from Peking University, Tsinghua University, Beijing Institute of Technology and Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have tackled a reproducibility challenge in black-phase formamidinium lead iodide (α-FAPbI3) perovskites. They explained that while this is the desired phase for photovoltaic applications, water can trigger formation of photoinactive impurity phases such as δ-FAPbI3. The team found that the classic solvent system for perovskite fabrication exacerbates this reproducibility issue. 

Growth of the photoactive black phase of formamidinium lead iodide (α-FAPbI3) usually requires dimethyl sulfoxide solvent, but the hygroscopic nature of this chemical also promotes water-induced degradation to the photoinactive phase. the scientists showed that a larger chlorinated organic molecule can form a hydrophobic capping layer that enables perovskite crystallization under humid conditions by protecting growing crystallites from water. 

Read the full story Posted: Jul 13,2024

Researchers design efficient inverted perovskite solar cells using a synergistic bimolecular interlayer

A team of researchers, led by the Fudan University in China, has developed a p-i-n structure inverted perovskite solar cell that uses a synergistic bimolecular interlayer (SBI) and achieves what the team says is the smallest nonradiative recombination induced open-circuit voltage loss ever reported. 

Schematic illustration of p-i-n PSC using MPA/PEAI as SBI. Image from Nature Communications

The researchers' SBI strategy consisted of depositing 4-methoxyphenylphosphonic acid (MPA) and 2-phenylethylammonium iodide (PEAI) as modulators to functionalize the perovskite surface.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 13,2024

Researchers develop efficient 2D Dion-Jacobson perovskite solar cell based on MXene contacts

Researchers at India's Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology have developed 2D perovskite solar cells with MXene materials to build a PV device with remarkable efficiency and open-circuit voltage. The scientists claim the new cell architecture can help charge carriers move smoothly through the cell layers and reduce recombination losses.

The team's 2D DJ perovskite solar cell implemented bandgap grading techniques and use contacts based on a functionalized two-dimensional titanium carbide known as MXene. MXenes are compounds that take their name from their graphene-like morphology and are made via selective etching of certain atomic layers from a bulk crystal known as MAX. Recently, MXenes materials have shown promise for use in PV technology due to their unique optoelectronic properties, such as their large charge carrier mobility, excellent metallic conductivity, high optical transmittance, and tunable work function (WF).

Read the full story Posted: Jul 10,2024

Researchers use high-entropy hybrid perovskites to design efficient and stable perovskite solar cells

Researchers from China's Zhejiang University, Westlake University, Southern University of Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and University of California Los Angeles in the U.S have reported a family of high-entropy organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites for photovoltaic applications.  

The scientists built, for the first time, an inverted perovskite solar cell relying on a high-entropy hybrid perovskite material. The result is a device with an improved open-circuit voltage and fill factor, due to reduced non-radiative recombinations and optimized interface.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 07,2024

Researchers develop perovskite solar cells with improved performance using an organic electron-rich surface passivation layer

Researchers from Zhejiang University of Technology and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) have utilized two sulfone-based organic molecules known as diphenylsulfone (DPS) and 4,4′-dimethyldiphenylsulfone (DMPS) to passivate absorber defects in perovskite solar cells and improve their performance. As a result, the team reported a device with a higher electron cloud density at the interface between the perovskite material and the passivation layer.

The scientists used the molecules to improve charge distribution at the interface between the cell's perovskite absorber and the passivation layer, which reportedly creates electron-rich systems on the surface of perovskite. Using density functional theory (DFT) to compute a wide variety of properties of almost any kind of atomic system, they simulated the charge density distributions of the interactions of DPS and DMPS with formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3) perovskite material.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 05,2024

Researchers design 4T perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction tandem solar cell with 31.5% efficiency

Researchers from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) have reported four-terminal perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction tandem solar cells, with the device structure comprising a perovskite single-junction top cell and monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem bottom cell.

The cells reportedly yielded a 31.5% power conversion efficiency, which the team said is the highest efficiency ever reported for perovskite-based 4-T and triple-junction tandem solar cells. The key feature of the cell is the hole transport layer of the top perovskite cell, which was engineered with self-assembled monolayers.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 03,2024

Researchers develop efficient inverted perovskite solar cell using indium doped nickel oxide as HTL

Researchers from Colombia's Universidad de los Andes recently set out to develop inverted perovskite solar cells (IPSCs) with a hole transport layer based on indium-doped nickel oxide. The result is a champion device that achieved an efficiency of 20.06% with remarkable stability.

The team explained that NiOx has an energy gap of over 3.5 eV, exceptional chemical stability, durability, low toxicity, and cost-effective processing. The scientists said that in the case of NiOx-based inverted perovskite solar cells, the doping approach has indeed paved the way for HTL optimization, frequently through observable improvements also at the interface level and in the perovskite layer.

Read the full story Posted: Jun 28,2024

Researchers develop 'self-healing' dynamic passivation method for better perovskite solar cells

Researchers from Monash University, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Tunghai University, the University of Oxford, National Central University, and the City University of Hong Kong have developed a strategy to enhance the stability and performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) through a mechanism described as 'self-healing'.

The team reported a living passivation strategy using a hindered urea/thiocarbamate bond Lewis acid-base material (HUBLA), where dynamic covalent bonds with water and heat-activated characteristics can dynamically heal the perovskite to ensure device performance and stability. 

Read the full story Posted: Jun 27,2024

Researchers use ChatGPT to generate hypotheses for improving perovskite solar cells

Researchers from China's Nankai University and Linköping University in Sweden have attempted to design a perovskite solar cell with the help of ChatGPT. The experiment helped the team to identify a series of materials for the cell composition and the results were cells with a higher power conversion efficiency compared to that of reference cells built without the material proposed by ChatGPT.

The scientists explored ChatGPT's ability to generate hypotheses for material science and identify untested molecules capable of reducing surface recombination and thereby boosting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells.

Read the full story Posted: Jun 24,2024

LONGi announces new world record efficiency of 30.1% for commercial M6 size wafer-level silicon-perovskite tandem solar cells

LONGi Green Energy Technology has announced a new world record efficiency of 30.1% for a commercial M6 size wafer-level silicon-perovskite tandem solar cell at the 2024 Intersolar Europe event in Germany. This new record comes less than a week after LONGi announced a new world record of 34.6% tandem solar cell efficiency at the 2024 SNEC EXPO in Shanghai, and it also breaks the previous world record of 28.6% wafer-level tandem solar cell efficiency on M4 commercial size wafers in May 2023.

The commercial M6 size wafer-level silicon-perovskite tandem solar cell was independently certified by the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy (Fraunhofer ISE) in Germany.

Read the full story Posted: Jun 20,2024